Saturday, February 8, 2020
Future of Moderinization - Essay Example The central concept in the study of social change is modernity, where social patterns emerge from the lap of industrialisation. In everyday terms, modernity refers to the present in relation to the past. Sociologists use this gross concept to describe different social patterns, set in motion by the Industrial Revolution of Western Europe during mid-eighteenth century. Modernisation, then, is the process of social change begun by industrialisation. Modernity shelters Ã¢â¬Å"the progressive weakening, if not destruction, of the . . . relatively cohesive communities in which human beings have found solidarity and meaning throughout most of historyÃ¢â¬ (Berger, 1977, 72). Small, isolated communities still exist in the United States, but they are sheltering only a tiny percentage of the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s population. These days, any physical isolation is only geographic: Cars, telephones, television, and computers give most far-flung and remote families the pulse of the larger society and the accessibility to the entire world. People in traditional, preindustrial societies lived their lives as at mercy of forces that is gods, spirits, or simply fate that is beyond any human control. As the power of tradition weakens, people come to see their lives as an unending series of options, a wide-open cielo of choices. Modernisation introduced a more rational and scientific viewpoint as tradition loses its hold and people adopted more and more individual choice. The growth of cities, the expansion of impersonal bureaucracy, and the socio-cultural mix of people from various backgrounds combine to encourage diverse beliefs and behavior. Modern people are not only forward-looking but also optimistic about new inventions and discoveries, which will improve their lives. Modern people organize daily routines down to the very minute. With the introduction of clocks in the late Middle Ages, Europeans began to think not in terms of
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Scarcity and Compassion Essay According to the Oxford dictionary, scarcity is the same as shortage or presence in small numbers. In economics, scarcity is defined as the condition whereby human wants and needs exceed what is produced or what can be produced by the available resources (Harford, 2006). On the other hand, compassion is the belief in fairness in distribution of resources our humane aspects should not allow us to see others live without resources while we are capacitated to provide to them. Economists have pointed out over the disagreement between these two aspects as one calling for equitable distribution of resources to all persons while the other points out equal distribution of resources is impossible as there are no enough resources for everyone. Scarcity thus explains the presence of the rich and the poor. Compassion plays a big role as evidenced by empirical evidence on the ground especially on international level. Wealthy nations have always made attempts to make some of their resources available to poor nations (Harford, 2006). Note that, the resources given away as aid are not excess/ surplus resources per se. They are obtained from the taxpayerÃ¢â¬â¢s money whereby taxpayers could have allocated such resources in more economically viable options. Therefore, compassion by nations and/or on a household level continues to play great role in distribution of scarce resources. The fact that man is a social animal ties him to the idea of sharing his economic resources with the ones deprived of those resources. The knowledge by an individual of the suffering of another due to lack of resources either acting on a household level or any economic unit drives that individual to make decisions and/or implement policies that will favor the underprivileged according to his view. This explains why there are tax cuts and social benefits to the low income earners and unemployed respectively. Thus compassion plays and continues to play a significant role in the distribution of scarce resources.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
In the early stages of the twentieth century, little was known about cell membranes. Until the early 1950s, the biological cell membrane was rarely mentioned in scientific literature. It was recognised that something was probably there, but hardly anything about it was known. Considering the lack of technical equipment available a century ago, scientists such as Charles Overton and Edwin Gorter were not only exploring new territory in looking at the properties of cell membranes, but laying the way for future cell biologists. Scientists had to wait another fifty years for the discovery of the electron microscope, let alone seventy years for the advent of freeze fracturing techniques. Nageli and Cramer in 1855 had already suggested that biological cells are separated from their environment by a membrane possessing special characteristics, and in 1900 Overton performed some simple but classical experiments which proposed that cell membranes were composed of lipids (1). By measuring the permeability of various compounds across the membrane of a frog muscle, Overton found some interesting results. He observed that lipophilic molecules (molecules attracted to fat solvents) could easily cross this cell membrane, however larger lipid insoluble molecules could not. He also observed that small polar molecules could slowly cross the membrane. Other experiments with the likes of hen eggs suggested the presence of a lipid layer in the membrane. These results became known to biologists across the world and it was generally accepted that a semi-permeable lipid membrane surrounded some if not all cells (2). Although this was opening new doors for cell biologists, the information was widely disregarded. One hundred years ago biological fact was based on what could be seen and since the proposed lipid membrane was smaller than the wavelength of visible light it could not be studied under the light microscope. Most biologists merely concerned themselves with more evident structures. However, some scientists continued to dedicate their time to examining this ‘invisible’ structure. Two such biologists were the Dutch Edwin Gorter and F. Grendel. They recognised in 1925 that two such lipid layers existed.
Monday, January 13, 2020
In early American society, criminals that were held by our government we executed, whipped, and held in a dark cell for a short amount of time. The insane wandered around as a danger to themselves and people around them; and the churches caer took the poor. In the 1820s and 1830s there was a growing number of criminals, lunatics, and the poor people. Reformers wanted to establish an official institute for them. The reformers believed that reform and rehabilitation was possible in a controlled environment. The reformers had a few goals that they wanted to establish. They wanted more separation; the mentally ill children should not be held together with the convicts. They also wanted better prison grounds with better conditions. They wanted the abuse to be reduced; no more whipping and other forms of torture. They wanted change. Dorothea Dix was a Sunday school teacher at the East Cambridge jail. There, she was exposed to the horrible conditions these people had to live with such as no heat, no separation between the criminals, the children and the mentally ill. Dorothea was horrified by this and secured a court order to make improvements. She wondered about other jails in Massachusetts; so she traveled and the conditions were worse. She was so disturbed by what she saw she set out to reform prisons and asylums everywhere. Dorothea was a major factor in the reform. She helped cause awareness to the serious matter and she was responsible for the building of hospitals for the insane. In 1835 The United States had two of the best prisons in Pennsylvania. The two prisons were a product of the on going reform and were both a success. New York and Pennsylvania had the best prisons because they experimented with solitary confinement, where the criminal could reflect on their sins and not be infl uenced by other inmates. Dorothea Dix, in March of 1841, taught a Sunday class for woman at the East Cambridge Jail. This shows that she thinks that even if people are in jail or prison, that they are still people but just need to be world with. The question we are looking for is if prisons were meant for punishment or to help make these people better people for the future; future was a big question at that time. All in all, most of these reformersÃ¢â¬â¢ goals were met. They wanted change and they got it. They believed in something so much with such passion that they actually changed American history; and that is whyÃ American justice system is one of the best.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Makayla Horton Dr. Skaggs World Civ. II 1 February 2017 LutherÃ¢â¬â¢s Ninety-Five Theses The Ninety-Five Theses were written by Martin Luther in 1517. At the time of writing, Luther had devoted his life to Jesus Christ, and had become a monk. In his Theses, he expressed the idea that someone must be completely willing to commit penance in order for it to be legitimate, and Luther gave several reasons why he was critical of the sale of indulgences. He challenged the authority of the pope and other powerful positions of the church multiple times throughout his writings. Martin LutherÃ¢â¬â¢s Ninety-Five Theses writing was very important in igniting the Protestant Reformation. Luther declared many statements about the nature of penance. Above all,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦With indulgences, evil people may be able to buy indulgences and believe themselves to be forgiven, while poor people may not afford indulgences and believe they are cursed with sin, despite their behavior. Bishops are more obligated to selling indulgences, while th eir sole purpose should be to prevent men from teaching their personal dreams. Indulgences were a way for the rich to become more wealthy, while the poor may be swapping the purchase of necessities for the purchase of indulgences, believing this would save them and their loved ones from condemnation. Luther stated both that Ã¢â¬Å"Christians are to be taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better deed than he who buys indulgences,Ã¢â¬ and that Ã¢â¬Å"Christians are to be taught that he who sees a needy man and passes him by, yet gives money for indulgences, does not buy papal indulgences but GodÃ¢â¬â¢s wrath.Ã¢â¬ Luther emphasized that good people were better than people who sought to purchase indulgences. In many of his thesis, Luther affirmed that indulgences are not neccessary for forgiveness and that forgiveness is not granted with the purchase of indulgences. He shares his fear that those who buy indulgences would neglect to repent and fear Go d. These people would be convicted. As for the dead, Luther believed that your debts were erased. Those in Purgatory needed to find love, and this would reduce their sins and punishments. Luther also disapproved of priests who Ã¢â¬Å"act ignorantly
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Knowing what is in your fast food might make you think twice the next time you devour it. As the rise of the fast food nation in America has increased to an all-time high, so has the weight and waists of Americans all around the country. Not only has the United States grown to love the acquired taste of greasy golden fries and juicy burgers, it has also grown ignorant to the way their food is prepared. In the novel, Ã¢â¬Å"Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American MealÃ¢â¬ (2002), by Eric Schlosser, he makes compelling points in his position against the fast food industry. In Ã¢â¬Å"Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American MealÃ¢â¬ (2002), Eric Schlosser argues that Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ Fast food is solely responsible for every social problem nowÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦As Schlosser proves with his alluring facts, E. Coli is one of the most popular infections to be recognized throughout the nation. With his in-depth research, he provides the stories of the a verage everyday American who has been infected or passed away with such a horrid disease. Furthermore, Ingrid Abboud, from nittygriddy.com states, Ã¢â¬Å"Studies revealed 50% of fountain drink dispensers were found to be contaminated with fecal bacteriaÃ¢â¬ . Schlosser also provides the facts of Salmonella appearing in the cooking of the infamous greasy meals, Ã¢â¬Å"A tiny uncooked particle of hamburger meat can contain enough of this pathogen to kill you.Ã¢â¬ (201). SchlosserÃ¢â¬â¢s verification of insecurity in the daily meals AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s consume can tug of the heart strings of the readers. Fast food and its eye opening facts is a reminder to the audience that not only are they hurting themselves, but that the effects are also affecting the family members and the ones who care most about the individual. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s in the meat is not only a major concern, but also a major safety issue. To brainwash an innocent child with the advertisement of a new Fast Food Franchis e is beyond cruel and diminishing to their health. As most AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s know, Ronald McDonald is a well-known character from the legendary McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s company. With their golden arches and tasty treats, McDonalds has become the most identifiable company in the world, not only byShow MoreRelatedEssay on Challenging Beliefs in Schlossers Fast Food Nation544 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn his thought-provoking book, Fast Food Nation, Eric Schlosser argues that Americas fast food franchises have played a major role in contributing to the obesity and ill health of Americans. This paper shows how Schlosser argues that fast food has contributed to uncontrolled development, negatively impacted American culture, and have had a largely negative impact. The effects of Fast Food Nation on American society and politics show that Schlossers thesis is largely convincing, due to both hisRead MoreA research Proposal on the Study of Market Potential of Fast Food Restaurants in India773 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages A Research Proposal on Study of Market Potential of Fast Food Restaurants in India Ã¢â¬Æ' INTRODUCTION This proposal is aimed at conducting a research on the market potential for Fast Food Restaurants Services in India. It will be mainly focusing towards understanding the importance of various factors affecting the choice and the need of fast food outlets by Indian young consumers. Also, it aims to study the consumption pattern towards fast foods particularly with respect to the frequencyRead MoreHow Fast Food Affect A French Health907 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages How Fast Food Affect a French Health Over time eating has become easier than ever. United States created fast food which the main purpose was to benefit people from eating on the go and today this eating efficiently has spread all over the world. Not only U.S. joined the new eating concept, but many other countries including France. Fast food has spread all over France, and it is the second country with the largest fast food consumer. It is very surprising to see an European country as the secondRead MoreEssay An Analysis of Eric Schlossers Fast Food Nation1154 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNew York Times bestseller Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal is one of the most riveting books to come out about fast food restaurants to date (Schlosser, 2004). Fast food consumption has become a way of life for many in the United States as well as many other countries in the world. The author Eric Schlosser an investigative reporter whose impeccable researching and bold interviewing captures the true essence of the immense impact that fast food restaurants are having in AmericaRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography Example: Food Day October 24, 20121011 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAnnotated Bibliography Food Day, October 24, 2012. Food Day. Center for Science in the Public Interest, n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012 The Center for Science in the Public Interest have created a website with an article that explains the causes, and effects of our faulty health system. They have created a Ã¢â¬Å"food dayÃ¢â¬ were they address how to become healthier, and how to have others become healthier as well. They have five priorities that will help increase the public health in our world. The CenterRead MoreDoes the Minimum Wage Increase the Standard of Living for Low-Income People?1391 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestool to remedy some of the effects of poverty by raising the wages of the low wage workers. It has long been the worthy goal of many policy makers to find solutions to alleviate poverty in the United States, as well as other nation around the world. Politicians in our nation take a variety of stances on how this can best be accomplished, one of which is the use of the minimum wage. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the president who signed the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 said Ã¢â¬Å"No business which dep endsRead MoreAre We Taking It Too Far by Blaming Fast Food Restaurant for Obesity?1285 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAre we taking it too far by blaming fast food restaurant for obesity? Although throughout the years many people have claimed that obesity is a genetic disorder for the most part; results of recent studies strongly indicate that lifestyles rather than genetics are what are causing an obese society, because people choose to not exercise, not watch their diet, and eat fast food. For the past few decades, food companies had aimed their marketing at single meals, pushing to inflate portion sizes. ThatRead MoreThe Obesity Epidemic in America Essays1082 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s are obese because of poor food choices, over-eating, genetic disposition, lack of exercise, or the environment which one lives, while others blame it all on fast-food chains and restaurants. Throughout my research I have come to find a lot of facts and statistics about fast food consumption causing obesity. Statistics show that without a doubt the United States is the most obese country in the world. Since Americans typically live hectic lifestyles, fast food is a quick and easy way to grabRead MoreArgumentative Essays About Obesity1560 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthemselves to get that far into bad health(obesity)? (might be more of a Psychology question though..) A good one for looking at arguments relating to the fast food industry is Super-Size me that documentary, that might give you some more ideas about arguments, to look into some of the issues that Morgan Spurlock touches on, (size of food portions, advertising, health related problems of obesity, etc..) Obesity in AmericaWhen people think about health what usually comes up is cancer, or some kindRead MoreRelation Between Fast Food Restaurants and Obesity1195 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Fast Food Restaurants and Obesity Introduction The combination of increasingly sedentary lifestyles, two-income families with children, busy single professionals and the proliferation of fast food restaurants in recent years has created a perfect storm of obesity in the United States as well as a number of other countries. Further exacerbating the problem is the lack of nutrition and high levels of fat content in many fast food restaurant products, making their consumption a high-risk activity
Friday, December 20, 2019
Care professionals at the center can also support parents in identifying developmental problems and can help find strategies for dealing with them. Thus, early care may be an intervention with a very large benefit relative to its cost (Ã¢â¬Å"The Case for InvestingÃ¢â¬ ). If the government were to fund the child care centers the quality of the center would be able to increase, allowing more employees to enter the workforce and benefit the needs of the children. Child care mandatory and discretionary funds should be significantly increased to address serious gaps in access and quality for children. Currently there are a couple of different federally funded groups working on improving the price of childcare in Indiana. One of them being the ChildÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Priorities are given to children who are recipients of child protective services, or who are at risk of being neglected or abused. The preschools offer educational and social services, as well as health and nutrition programs. Even though there are several different programs helping low-income families there is still a need for governmentally funded childcare. Most families currently have three options for securing child care. First, parents can stay at home and care for their children themselves. But this is increasingly difficult, as most families now rely on two breadwinners to stay above water. Moreover, mothers are more likely than fathers to take time away from paid work to care for a child, which can cut mothersÃ¢â¬â¢ lifetime earnings gap. Second, parents can pay for child care out of pocket. But this approach is very costly for families, eating up 35.9 percent of a low-income familyÃ¢â¬â¢s monthly budget (Ryan). The third option for families is to use federal- or state-funded child care, but access to any publicly funded program, let alone a high-quality program, is very limited. Nationwide, nearly three in four children are not enrolled in a federal or state-funded pre-K program. Many mothers are forced to stay at home and care for their children themselves because they cannot afford to pay for childcare. This is not the idea l option,Show MoreRelatedU.s. Federal Aid Programs788 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfederal aid system has tripled in numbers in over 25 years. Some federal aid programs can range from a giant billion to a more obscure prams such as $15 million. In the beginning, federal aid programs would require other states to match the federal funds on a dollar for dollar basis. There was initial struggle when the federal aid system began to expand many believe that it would be difficult to opt out of new federal aid programs. Thus, it left residents with requirement to continue to pay federalRead MoreCooperative Federalism Rests On Several Standard Operating Procures1259 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstate have considerable latitude in spending the money Devolution? Democrats support increase in federal government s power for advancement of national policies Republicans oppose these policies and favor states to take responsibility on issues like child labor, education and social security with Medicare Ronald Reagan in his first inaugural address articulated a traditional conservative view when he argued that the states had primary responsibility for governing in most policy areas Restore the balanceRead MoreMarketing Plan For A Brand Image766 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesattempt to build a unique brand image which will differentiate his product or service from others in the industry (Lee, James, Kim, 2014). La BambiniÃ ¨re has its name as the brand image which derives from the French word Ã¢â¬Å"BambinÃ¢â¬ or little child; and the purpose is to create an attraction just with the name. In addition, La BambiniÃ ¨re will design a symbol depicting infants being nurtured. Advertising and Marketing Allen (2016) states that the marketing plan details the strategies makeRead MoreKey Influences On The Quality Improvement Accreditation System And The Current National Quality Framework1309 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesinfluences on the establishing of education and care settings in Australia, the similarities and differences between the Quality Improvement Accreditation System and the current National Quality Framework. Maybanke Anderson and Lillian de Lissa as well as other people were pioneer who led the movement to early childhood education and care in Australia (OEDC,2000). Educational thinkers including Froebel and Pestalozzi and the associated development of preschool movements in Europe and America hadRead MoreDevelopment Of Quality Literacy Programs For Children And Parents1091 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesexperts in health, child development, and mental health. The main focus is on the development of infants and toddlers. The main goal of this organization is to guarantee that all babies and toddlers are given a strong start in life. Promoting an understanding about key issues that affect young children and their families. Key issues include infant mental health, child care, early language and literacy development, early intervention and the impact culture has on early childhood development (About Us, 2016)Read MoreThe Temporary Assistance For Needy Families1536 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAbstract This paper discusses the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program that was established in 1996. It examines the development and goals of the policy as well as addresses the target population that benefits from this program. A review of the agencies associated with TANF and the benefits the program provides to its clients is also given. In addition, the funding sources of TANF are addressed. Lastly, it examines the social issue this program is meant to address. Policy PaperRead MoreCounseling And Parent Support Workers At Together Lives Change ( Tlc )1236 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages3. Sources of Funding: Each program within TLC funds itself. The only program funded by Medicaid is Therapeutic Day Treatment (TDT). All the programs within TLC are funded through the Family Assessment and Planning Team (FAPT) or the Community Assessment Team (CAT) which is Child Service Act (CSA). The Virginia Comprehensive Services Act provides for the pooling of eight specific funding streams to support services for high-risk youth. These funds are returned to the localities with a required state/Read More Cash Grants Essay1201 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescompact to work between the government and the recipients, a change had to take place from the governmentsÃ¢â¬â¢ standpoint. The government came to the realization of what the recipients needed and to provide that for them. Since the government was willing to fund the program to help the recipients, it demanded the r ecipientsÃ¢â¬â¢ responsibility towards the program. For the first time, the Government of the Republic set in motion a program that will deal with the causes of poverty in an integral manner (Levine,Read MoreSchool Age Of A Child1388 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe same time scared when itÃ¢â¬â¢s time to start school. The starting school age of a child in the United stated States is basically five years of age. When a child is not yet up to that age they have the option to go to daycare centers or early start programs before they are actually admitted in a real school. Kindergarten and Pre-kÃ¢â¬Ës functions are basically the same. Or we can say they serve the same purpose. This purpose is to provide early start or education for little children. Many of these programsRead MoreAssessing the Marketing Mix of a selected Day Care Center: Introduction1311 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ASSESSing THE MARKETING MIX OF SELECTED DAY CARE CENTERS: TOWARDS AN EFFECTIVE MARKETING STRATEGY A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the College of Business Administration TRINITY UNIVERSITY OF ASIA In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION MAJOR IN MARKETING MANAGEMENT Bringas, Kurt Adam Chua, Maggi O. Ingaran, Bettina Ramirez, Xavier Foreigner March 2013 Chapter 1 The Problem and Its